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Utica Parks and Parkway System Timeline

Why would private citizens have voluntarily invested so much of their own money and effort creating a park system for Utica that is nearly 70 percent the size of Central Park in Manhattan, a city 26 times more populous than Utica?  And how have people used and treated this great gift over the course of a century and more?
 
This ten-part illustrated series offers an overview of local and national trends that inspired the Proctor family to create Utica's park and parkway system and to hire Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., the leading landscape architect of the first half of the twentieth century, to design this system.  It also discusses how people used this system since in its early days--the social and cultural events they attended in the parks and the sports they played there--and how and why the system changed over time.
 
The Central New York Conservancy would like to thank the following for permitting us to use illustrations in the production of this series:  The Oneida County History Center; the Utica City Department of Engineering; Mark Kelly; Kirk Evans; Phil Bean

Part 1 of 10: Origins

Part 1 of 10: Origins

Utica's park and parkway system originates in the American Rural Cemetery Movement, which began in the 1830s.

Part 2 of 10: City Beautiful

Part 2 of 10: City Beautiful

The City Beautiful Movement was an important catalyst in the creation of Utica's park system.

Part 3 of 10: Deep Pockets

Part 3 of 10: Deep Pockets

Thomas R. Proctor advocates for, and takes on the challenge of, creating a modern parks system.

Part 4 of 10: Enter Olmsted

Part 4 of 10: Enter Olmsted

Thomas R. Proctor's vision realized - The creation of Utica's expansive park system.

Part 5 of 10: The Monuments

Part 5 of 10: The Monuments

The Parkway and its Monuments:  A City Beautiful and Diverse

Part 6 of 10: Early uses of the System

Part 6 of 10: Early uses of the System

Since the early 1900s, Utica's parks have been a gathering place and venue for important events in the community.

Part 7 of 10: The Parkway Changes

Part 7 of 10: The Parkway Changes

The transformation of the Parkway from early twentieth centrury scenic boulevard to crosstown expressway.

Part 8 of 10: Changes in the Parks

Part 8 of 10: Changes in the Parks

Utica's parks have been an evolving landscape reflecting the changing times

Part 9 of 10: Summer Sports in Utica's Olmsted Parks

Part 9 of 10: Summer Sports in Utica's Olmsted Parks

Utica's Olmsted System was built to promote healthy mind and bodies.

Part 10 of 10: Winter Sports in Utica's Olmsted Parks

Part 10 of 10: Winter Sports in Utica's Olmsted Parks

Utica's Olmsted parks were always used year-round--for winter as well as summer exercise